How effective are simple behavioural interventions (rewarding dry nights with star charts, lifting and waking and bladder training) for nocturnal enuresis in children (aged up to 16 years)?
The methodological quality of the 16 included trials was low. The sample sizes were small for most studies. In all but one study comparison, outcomes were reported by single trials only, precluding meta-analysis. The confidence intervals were wide and this was likely to obscure or overestimate treatment effects. Only 10 of the 16 studies gave information about the follow-up results, after the intervention was finished. Most studies had high attrition rates.
Nocturnal enuresis (bedwetting) is a socially disruptive and stressful condition, which affects around 15% to 20% of 5-year-olds and up to 2% of adults. Although there is a high rate of spontaneous remission, the social, emotional and psychological costs can be great. Behavioural interventions for treating bedwetting in children are defined as interventions requiring a behaviour or action by the child that promotes night dryness and includes strategies which reward that behaviour